CSS Columbia


CSS Columbia


Confederate ironclad

Career
Ordered:
Builder: F. M. Jones to J. L. Porter’s plans, plating and machinery by James M. Eason
Laid down: Charleston, S.C., in 1864
Launched: March 1864
Commissioned: 1864
Decommissioned: June 15, 1865
Fate: Captured by Union forces February 18, 1865; sold October 10, 1867

General Characteristics
Type:
Area of Operation:
Displacement:
Length: 216 feet (66 m)
Beam: 51 feet 4 inches (15.65 m)
Draft: 13 feet 6 inches (4.11 m)
Propulsion: Steam engine
Speed:
Complement:
Armament: 6 guns ti include at least 1 x 10-inch Brooke smoothbore
Armor: Yellow pine and white oak with iron fastenings and 6-inch iron plating.

Text about the service of the ship and its career

List of Commanders/Crew

Painting Information

Books/Articles and other resources

Columbia was constructed under contract at Charleston, South Carolina in 1864, of yellow pine and white oak with iron fastenings and 6 inch (150 mm) iron plating. Hull work was done by F. M. Jones to John L. Porter’s plans, plating and machinery by James M. Eason; her casemate was shortened to conserve precious metal and clad with 6″ iron. Columbia was launched in March 1864 and entered service later in that year.

When the Union forces took possession of Charleston on February 18, 1865, they found the greatly prized Columbia in jeopardy near Fort Moultrie; while on duty as part of the defenses of Charleston, she had run on a sunken wreck and been damaged on January 12, 1865. Columbia was found to have had her guns and some armor plating removed and ship-worms already at work.

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